The Cosmopolitan City of Morocco

Tangier, located on Morocco’s Mediterranean and Atlantic coasts, is the capital of two regions and has a deep Phoenician heritage. Influences from Romans, Arabs, Portuguese, Spanish, French, and British shaped its culture. Tangier’s cosmopolitan atmosphere and artistic appeal have attracted many European and American writers, artists, and celebrities.

History of Tangier

Various Muslim dynasties ruled Tangier in the Middle Ages: Idrisids, Almoravids, Almohads, Marinids, and Wattasids. The Portuguese captured it in 1471, fortifying the city and constructing the Kasbah. England acquired The city in 1661 as part of Catherine of Braganza’s dowry. The English attempted city development but faced local and Moroccan sultan resistance. Tangier was abandoned by the English in 1684 after a siege. In the 19th and 20th centuries, The city played a role in European colonial conflicts and diplomacy, with the French bombarding it in the First Moroccan Crisis and hosting the Algeciras Conference in 1905. Tangier became an international zone in 1912, attracting foreigners for its freedom, diversity, and nightlife. It became a center for espionage, smuggling, and artistic expression. Tangier reintegrated into Morocco in 1956 after gaining independence from France and Spain. Since then, The city has developed rapidly, becoming a significant economic and cultural hub with Africa’s largest port, hosting international events and festivals, and housing the royal palace.

Culture and Attractions of Tangier

Tangier blends Moroccan and European cultures with a rich heritage. Explore the old town’s narrow streets, colorful markets, and historic monuments. Discover the modern Ville Nouvelle with elegant boulevards, trendy cafes, and chic boutiques.

Some of the landmarks that you should not miss in Tangier are:

– The Kasbah, constructed by the Portuguese in the 16th century, dominates the medina and now houses a museum of Moroccan art and history.
– The Grand Mosque, dating back to the 18th century and built atop a former Roman temple and Portuguese cathedral site, boasts a beautiful minaret and spacious courtyard.
– The American Legation, established in 1821, represents the first US public property abroad and currently functions as a museum symbolizing enduring US-Moroccan relations.
– The Caves of Hercules, situated 14 km west of Tangier on the Atlantic coast, derive their name from the mythical hero and feature a striking opening resembling the shape of Africa.

Tangier also serves as a gateway to nearby attractions. Asilah charms visitors with its whitewashed houses and vibrant murals. Tetouan, a UNESCO-listed city, blends Moorish and Spanish influences within its historic medina. Across the Strait of Gibraltar lies Tarifa, Spain, renowned for its beaches, windsurfing opportunities, and lively nightlife scene.


Tangier is a city that will captivate you with its history, culture, and beauty. It is a place where you can discover the richness and diversity of Morocco, as well as the connections and influences of Europe and the world. If you are looking for an unforgettable and exciting trip, Tangier is the destination for you. To book your visit, contact www.moroccotravelexperience.com and get ready to explore the cosmopolitan city of Morocco.